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Place heel pads in both shoes to alleviate any strain on the calf muscle while walking. Fitzgordon, J., “Anatomy Of The Calf Muscle,” CoreWalking; https://corewalking.com/anatomy-of-the-calf-muscle/, last accessed August 14, 2017. This can then cause the muscle fibers in the calf to rip as they become overly stretched and this in turn can cause swelling, pain, lack of muscle strength and mobility and bruising. These incidents crush the calf muscles against the bone, leading to bleeding within the muscle. “Posterior Compartment Syndrome,” Sports Injury Clinic; http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/posterior-deep-compartment-syndrome, last accessed August 14, 2017. Blood clots can form in the deep veins of the legs, usually as a result of an underlying condition or remaining stationary for long periods. Trauma to these muscles will cause swelling and pain. Use crutches when walking is required to avoid placing weight on the affected leg. Here are a few of the less obvious causes. information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or The muscles as the cause of calf pain: during physical activities such as running or playing soccer, many people tend to get calf cramps as a result of overexertion. Also called the gastrocnemius, calf muscles are in the back of your lower leg and help you perform almost every activity, including running, walking, jumping, climbing, and so on. The posterior compartment of the lower leg contains the popliteus muscle, the flexor hallucis longus muscle, the flexor digitorum longus muscle, and the tibialis posterior muscle. These Baker’s or popliteal cysts swell and can cause pain that radiates from the knee into the calf. Do you want to advertise on Facty.com?Let’s talk about this! “Sciatica in the Calf Tortures,” The Sciatica Authority; http://www.sciatica-pain.org/sciatica-in-the-calf.html, last accessed August 14, 2017. Calf muscle pain is commonly known as a “Charley Horse” episode when there is no trauma involved, but calf pain can be caused by damage to the nerves or direct injury to the lower leg. Overuse of the muscles and injury can create an environment of swelling and bleeding within the muscle compartment. Some people develop fluid-filled cysts behind their knees. These exercises will help the calf maintain motion and strength during the healing process. As a result, the weakened or damaged valves within the veins appear as what are known as varicose veins. concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other Pulling or tearing a calf muscle can cause a sudden sharp pain in the back of your leg. Was there a popping or cracking sound when the pain began? Swelling is often linked to the retention of water which is increased by being overweight, pregnant, or while menstruating. However, sometimes calf pain can be a symptom of something more serious. The sufferer will usually experience calf pains at night. This common condition can occur in the legs when narrowing arteries restrict blood flow. Leg Muscle Pain with Walking. The causes of sore calf muscles can include: Age; Using the calf muscle too much; An injury to the calf muscle; Struggling to come up with a reason as to why the calf muscles are sore can be frustrating, particularly if the calf muscle pain develops slowly. 1. Your calf muscles are located at the back of your lower leg and are needed to move your legs when walking, running, or jumping. as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Calf pain when walking is very different than calf pain at night in bed. You should not rely on any Calf pain may be felt upon movement after extended rest periods, especially first thing in the morning. It may originate from injuries to the spine, the knee (including Baker’s cyst and PCL injuries) and myofascial tissue structures (particularly in the gluteal muscles). healthcare professional. It frequently happens in athletes who perform with their foot rolling inwards while running. “Calf Pain,” Healthgrades, September 26, 2016; https://www.healthgrades.com/symptoms/calf-pain, last accessed August 14, 2017. Whitlock, J., “Blood Clots During And After Surgery,” Verywell, August 29, 2016; https://www.verywell.com/blood-clots-during-and-after-surgery-3156814, last accessed August 14, 2017. Pain in the calf (the back part of the lower leg) is usually caused by a cramp or muscle strain. … Pain at the back of the lower leg, most commonly referred to as the calf, is mostly caused by muscle cramps or muscle strain. Cramps can be extremely painful and even debilitating. These are more likely to be muscle overuse syndromes or biomechanical overload syndromes. Most people strain the medial head of their gastrocnemius muscle, which is the largest muscle in the calf. “Baker’s Cysts,” Mayo Clinic, June 12, 2015; http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bakers-cyst/basics/definition/con-20023332, last accessed August 14, 2017. Strains are more common, but full ruptures do sometimes occur. The soleus muscle is flat and small and lies behind the gastrocnemius muscle. There can be a pain in legs when walking known as claudication. Apply a cold or ice compress to the affected calf to treat the inflammation, pain, and swelling. The calf of the leg holds blood vessels, nerves, tendons, ligaments, and muscles, which all can lead to calf pain as a result of trauma or damage. Achilles tendon rupture. Did the leg swell within the first two or three hours? The gastrocnemius muscle is the large, diamond-shaped bulging muscle on the back of the lower leg. Place your hands on a table or counter with your feet apart and raise your heels up so that you are standing on your toes. Causes, Symptoms, and Home Remedies, https://www.healthgrades.com/symptoms/calf-pain, http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/picture-of-the-calf-muscle#1, https://corewalking.com/anatomy-of-the-calf-muscle/, https://www.verywell.com/causes-of-calf-pain-and-treatment-options-2549387, http://www.moveforwardpt.com/symptomsconditionsdetail.aspx?cid=f52d166b-3906-4003-8cd4-64ea162724b0, https://www.verywell.com/calf-strain-muscle-spasm-of-the-leg-2549855, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1978447/, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0024961/, http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/achilles-tendinitis/basics/definition/con-20024518, http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bakers-cyst/basics/definition/con-20023332, https://www.verywell.com/blood-clots-during-and-after-surgery-3156814, http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/legcrampsunknowncause/Pages/Introduction.aspx, http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/rhabdomyolysis-symptoms-causes-treatments#1, http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/lateral-compartment-syndrome, http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/contusion-lower-leg, http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/fibua-stress-fracture, https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/dvt/, http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/posterior-deep-compartment-syndrome, http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/tight-calf-muscles, www.niddk.nih.gov/-/media/A710C2B4CC214818B8C0BC7A30C8F7E8.ashx, https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000431.htm, https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/vv, http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/peripheral-artery-disease/symptoms-causes/dxc-20167421, http://www.sciatica-pain.org/sciatica-in-the-calf.html, Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath. It bypasses the fibula and tibia shin bones and is attached to the femur bone and calcaneus, or heel bone with the help of the Achilles tendon. Melepura explains that calf muscle cramps are likely due to muscle fatigue and dehydration. When the calves are aching, it is most often due to the stressed calf muscles. If you apply the heat too soon, it can cause the pain and swelling to increase. The outer portion of the calf may swell and be tender. Sources: It causes increased calf pain with activity and knee movement. Bruising and swelling are common. The calf muscles are located in the posterior of the lower legs, allowing us to move as they pull the heel in an upward motion. Keep both feet flat on the floor for 15 seconds as you feel a stretch in the calf. Other Causes of Acute Calf Pain While you may naturally link calf pain to a muscle injury, there are other causes, and some are quite serious, like a blood clot. This is called peripheral artery disease. 4. Calf pain can vary from mild numbness and tingling to excruciating pain that impairs your ability to walk. Narrowing of the arteries that deliver blood to your legs (arteriosclerosis of the extremities) can produce cramp-like pain in your legs and feet while you're exercising. In rare cases, a lower leg blood clot can travel to the lungs and hinder blood flow, known as pulmonary embolism. Position the affected leg in front of the other and slightly lean forward with the knee of the affected leg slightly hovering over the foot. What Are These Tiny Red Spots on My Skin (Petechiae)? "Famous" Physical Therapists Bob Schrupp and Brad Heineck present: Calf Pain! This usually occurs after a surgical procedure where the patient is unable to move for a prolonged time. Did you suffer an injury from a direct blow at the time? Natural causes: The condition of the body can sometimes be enough to cause calf swelling. “Peripheral Artery Disease,” Mayo Clinic, August 12, 2017; http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/peripheral-artery-disease/symptoms-causes/dxc-20167421, last accessed August 14, 2017. Leg pain can also be caused by blood clots, varicose veins or poor circulation. The legs are an extremely common injury site. Varicose veins are often the result of a sedentary lifestyle, trauma, obesity, and genetics. The calves can become damaged from falls, collisions with objects, and strikes from other people. Resting the calf muscles can alleviate the pain, reduce any swelling, and speed up the recovery time whether it is a mild or major calf issue. There is often a pain in the lower legs such as in the calves, as well as numbness and tingling sensations. Exercise that causes your muscles to undergo this process can leave you feeling sore until the healing process completes. This muscle connects with the shin muscles of fibula and tibia, as well as to the calcaneus via the Achilles tendon. This leads to the involuntary contraction of one or more calf muscles, which can be very painful and can result in hardening of the calf. Claudication results when the muscles do not receive enough blood during exercise. Pain, bruising, and swelling along the back of the leg can be felt and seen, lasting for months and sometimes years. Cramp is an involuntary contraction of the muscle which can not only be very painful but may also cause muscle damage in severe cases. Pain in the calf muscle can be the result of an injury, trauma, or as a consequence of an underlying health condition. With your knee bent, move the foot up and down 10 times, flexing at the ankle. The lateral compartment of the lower leg contains the peroneus longus, also known as the fibularis longus and the peroneus brevis, which allows us to turn the foot outward. Many causes can be treated by simple measures. Long-distance sprinters often damage their soleus muscles, which sit under the gastrocnemius muscle. Grade 2 Symptoms. But … Calf pain is a common symptom often causing problems with walking, running, and in some cases, even standing upright. The calf is made up of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Can calf pain be prevented? These muscles extend from the knee and attach to the Achilles tendon at your heel. But others are less obvious. “Explore Varicose Veins,” National Institutes Of Health, February 13, 2014; https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/vv, last accessed August 14, 2017. One of the key signs of sciatica is pain that shoots below the knee, particularly when lifting the legs while lying down. Usually, when there is a sudden pain in your calf, you might feel a tear, a pop, or snapping. Runners who recently increased the intensity or distance of their runs are particularly prone to developing Achilles tendonitis. This condition — deep vein thrombosis — often causes pain that begins in the calf and feels like soreness or cramping. Three muscles make up the section of the leg below the knee that most people call the calf. “Lateral Compartment Syndrome,” Sports Injury Clinic; http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/lateral-compartment-syndrome, last accessed August 14, 2017. Also known as a popliteal cyst, it is a bulging fluid-filled lump that develops behind the knee. “Achilles Tendinitis,” National Center for Biotechnology Information; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0024961/, last accessed August 14, 2017. If the blood remains inside the muscle, swelling may be the only visible symptom. Injury to this small muscle often occurs with jumping or running activities where the weight is placed on the ankle when the leg is extended. Running Form and Calf Pain Your stride can have a profound effect on the amount of trauma your calf muscle receives over the course of a run. Calf pain is often caused by muscle cramps or strains. Calf muscle injuries can happen when straining tight leg muscles by accelerating fast or suddenly changing direction. Serious medical conditions may require prescribed anti-inflammatories, corticosteroids, and antibiotics, as well as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, physical therapy, or possibly surgery. Tightness and pain can range from mild to severe, and can last a few seconds or several minutes. Pain, swelling, and cramping of the muscles can occur within the calves. Receive updates on the latest news and alerts straight to your inbox. In other words, leg pain at night has a … What causes calf pain? Overuse or other factors can make these muscles to become sore and painful. Achilles tendonitis is swelling resulting from an overuse injury of the Achilles tendon, which is the tissue that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. “Diabetic Neuropathies: The Nerve Damage of Diabetes,” National Institutes of Health, February 2009; www.niddk.nih.gov/-/media/A710C2B4CC214818B8C0BC7A30C8F7E8.ashx, last accessed August 14, 2017. Pain can be sudden from an injury, or gradual caused by the muscle growing over time as is seen in runners. There are two main reasons for calf muscle pain: injury and an underlying medical condition. It’s a common injury that makes the tendon swell, stretch, or tear. 3. A direct hit to the calf can compress the muscle onto the bone, resulting in bruising. “Explore Deep Vein Thrombosis,” National Institutes of Health, October 28, 2011; https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/dvt/, last accessed August 14, 2017. “Calf Muscle,” WebMD, March 13, 2017; http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/picture-of-the-calf-muscle#1, last accessed August 14, 2017. These fibers then enter the blood system, possibly causing kidney failure. The most common cause of chronic calf pain is a muscle injury, which can cause inflammation, strains, or tearing in any of the three major muscles of the calf.An injury to those muscles can in turn cause other injuries, causing chronic, recurring calf pain. Environmental causes of calf swelling may be related to lifestyle habits or certain exposures. Achilles Tendonitis/Rupture The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body, and it connects the calf muscles to your heel bone. We will give you practical tips to find out what the possible causes are and how to relieve pain in calf muscles when they show up. This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. Serious health conditions such as deep vein thrombosis can present this form of pain, and, left untreated, can lead to a stroke or heart attack. If you have any Movements such as lunging forward or dashing can place tension on this muscle, causing a strain or a rupture. The cyst can be the result of a tear in the cartilage or arthritis. What sort of activity were you doing at the time when the pain started? You will be expected to answer several key questions such as: The doctor will determine whether the underlying cause of the calf pain was the result of an injury or health condition to properly treat it. Deep vein thrombosis is potentially life-threatening, as the blood clot may dislodge and travel to the lungs. Immediate pain is felt and may range from a pinching sensation to severe, along with tenderness and soreness. Some of the most common causes of calf pain are muscle cramps, which are involuntary contractions of a muscle. A significantly smaller muscle runs alongside the gastrocnemius muscle. Any of the lower leg muscles can tighten and cause severe calf pain that may increase with use. Cramping may occur soon after, along with bruising and swelling. The causes of rheumatoid arthritis have yet to be confirmed as it is considered an autoimmune disease where immune system attacks healthy tissues of the body. Once the pain lessens, do the same exercises with leg straight. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Heart Palpitations at Night: Common Causes and How to Treat, Essential Oils for Cough, Cold and Congestion, Sudden High Blood Pressure: Causes, Symptoms and Prevention Tips, Sore Throat on One Side: 7 Causes and Treatments, Natural Remedies for the Burning Sensation in Your Stomach After Eating, Hibiscus Tea: Health Benefits, Nutrition, Side Effects, and Recipes, Vegetable Oil Substitutes: 5 Healthy Alternatives for Baking, Frying, and More, How to Treat Nausea After Eating Eggs or Chicken, Diarrhea after Eating: Causes and Natural Treatments, Top 11 Homeopathic Remedies for High Blood Pressure, Heavy Breathing: Common Causes and Treatments, Pineapple Juice for Cough: Effective Homemade Cough Remedies, Pain in the Left Temple of the Head: 10 Causes and Treatments. The calf muscles, along with most other areas of the leg, are certainly innervated by the sciatic nerve. While any direct injury to these three muscles can cause pain, conditions that affect the surrounding tissue, arteries, nerves, or the muscles themselves can do so, as well. The sensations often worsen when bending the knee and pulling the toes toward the shin. If an issue like a herniated disk or bone spur compresses this nerve, severe pain may radiate along the nerve’s path. Avruskin, A., “Physical Therapist’s Guide to Calf Strain,” Move Forward; http://www.moveforwardpt.com/symptomsconditionsdetail.aspx?cid=f52d166b-3906-4003-8cd4-64ea162724b0, last accessed August 14, 2017. Sometimes blocked arteries cause the calf pain. Sciatica is a symptom of a lower back issue such as spinal stenosis, a lumbar herniated disc, spondylolisthesis, or a degenerative disc disease. Plantaris injuries are rare. Pain in the calf muscle is a common result of straining the medial gastrocnemius muscle during physical activity such as with sports. For the sake of this article let’s assume we are covering muscle-specific pain in the calf that isn’t too bothersome much outside of running. More serious conditions such as blood clots & diabetic neuropathy can also cause upper & lower calf pain. Rhabdomyolysis refers to damaged muscle fibers collapsing because of an injury to the muscle. This discomfort can be felt anywhere between the knee and the ankle along the backside of the lower leg. You can also participate in walking, swimming, and cycling workouts to help strengthen the calf. Sign Up for the Latest Health News and Tips, Home » Pain » Calf Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Tips. Spina, A.A., “The plantaris muscle: anatomy, injury, imaging, and treatment,” The Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association, July-September 2007; 51(3): 158-165. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1978447/, last accessed August 14, 2017. The nerves can become damaged by high blood sugar or glucose levels, inflammation, injury, and by external sources such as with alcohol and tobacco use. Numbness, cramping, and calf pain worsens with activity, but can also be severe when the body is at rest with the progression of the disease. If these muscles swell beyond their protective sheath or covering, calf pain will ensue. © 2020 Assembly Technologies Inc. All rights reserved. When one of these muscles expand beyond the protective sheath, pain can be felt throughout the lower leg when used. Muscle strains are among the most common causes of thigh pain. For diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, it is important to differentiate the exact type and location of any pain in the legs. Repeat these exercises four or five times daily. Calf injury due to a fall, injury, accident, or penetrating injury will affect muscles of the calf. “Rheumatoid Arthritis,” MedlinePlus, January 16, 2016; https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000431.htm, last accessed August 14, 2017. Calf pain, swelling, and muscle weakness can result from automobile accidents, poisoning, immobility over time, severe burns, excessive use of recreational drugs, medications, and infections and diseases. Foot and calf pain can be caused by many things, including muscle fatigue, overuse injuries, underlying medical conditions or even improper footwear. Blood clots (deep vein … This feels like a sudden, snapping pain in the calf. Other causes of calf pain: Calf pain may be referred from other body parts and produce pain in the calf. Calf muscle strain can also be felt as a burning sensation or as a prickling feeling, called paresthesia. While most cases of calf pain can be … 3. Is it painful when you walk, stand, or bend the knee or ankle? “Leg cramps,” NHS Choices, November 9, 2014; http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/legcrampsunknowncause/Pages/Introduction.aspx, last accessed August 14, 2017. This condition is characterized by leg pain, weakness, and numbness due to an injury or damage to the sciatic nerve that runs from the lower back down through the legs. Soleus pain causes are often linked to certain activities, but there is one cause that you could say is due to inactivity. Doing this will reduce blood flow to the damaged tissues and allow proper healing. Calf muscle pain is categorized into three grades or levels according to the severity of the damage or injury. Leg cramps occur when the calf muscles contract and spasm involuntarily. In many cases, however, the cause isn't known.Although most muscle cramps are harmless, some may be related to an underlying medical condition, such as: 1. Sometimes, the cyst bursts and leaks fluid into the calf region, resulting in sharp pain, swelling, and a sensation of water running down the leg. This type of strain is often called tennis leg, originating from a 1883 reported case of a tennis injury. This can happen gradually with improper stretching before strenuous activity or by an injury such as a compartment syndrome. Calf muscle strain can also be felt as a burning sensation or as a prickling feeling, called paresthesia. However, some other factors can cause calf pain and leg pain in general. Cluett, J., “Calf Strain – Muscle Spasm of the Leg,” Verywell, July 14, 2017; https://www.verywell.com/calf-strain-muscle-spasm-of-the-leg-2549855, last accessed August 14, 2017. The doctor will evaluate your gait and stance with walking and weight bearing exercises. Calf tears typically occur during sports and may be accompanied by bruising and swelling. Do this several times. Place the leg with the injured calf behind the foot of other leg and hold the stretch for 15 seconds. Calf muscle cramps can strike during exercise, after a workout, or while you’re sleeping, causing temporary yet intense pain. Calf pain symptoms may include soreness above the heel in the back of the leg, stiffness, tenderness, and severe pain, especially after climbing stairs or running. This type of fracture is a tiny crack in the fibula bone. Disclaimer: Results are not guaranteed*** and may vary from person to person***. While muscle injuries are the most common cause of calf pain, there are others that may stem from nerve problems, knee joint problems, or foot and ankle conditions. The following signs and symptoms can be experienced with or without calf pain: A calf pain diagnosis entails a complete medical history analysis as well as a physical examination for bruises or swelling. The blood travelling from the tissues to the heart can collect and cause swelling. Sometimes, runners can even hear an audible pop as the muscle snaps. This condition is commonly known as “tennis leg.” Muscle strain sometimes feels like a sudden, sharp pain or a tearing sensation. Overuse of a muscle, dehydration, muscle strain or simply holding a position for a prolonged period can cause a muscle cramp. In severe but rare cases, imaging tests may be ordered such as x-rays and a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) test. Also known as a “Charley horse,” a calf cramp occurs when the muscle contracts involuntarily. People who incur this injury often describe the pain as a deep soreness or tightness. Referred to as DVT, this is when the blood thickens and pools together to form a blood clot deep within a vein. A muscle strain occurs when the fibers in a muscle are stretched too far or torn. 10 Ways to Control Blood Sugar without Medication, Calf Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Tips, Gluteus Minimus Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment, Knee Pain when Bending: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention Tips, What Is Dropsy (Edema)? Some are obvious, like injury or physical activity. The pads will raise the heel while shortening the length of the muscle. A blood clot in the lower leg can cause the calf to swell, be warm to the touch, and present pain, especially when placing weight on it. But in most cases, you can treat muscle strain with rest and home remedies. Move the foot in a large circular motion 10 times both clockwise and counterclockwise. DOI:  10.1007/s12178-009-9045-8, last accessed August 14, 2017. “Achilles Tendinitis,” Mayo Clinic, August 4, 2015; http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/achilles-tendinitis/basics/definition/con-20024518, last accessed August 14, 2017. Sciatica in the Calf Anatomy. Muscle pain can range from mild to moderate with severe pain and swelling within the subsequent 48 hours. Causes of Pain in Calf Muscle. Here you will find the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles as well as tendons, blood vessels, and ligaments. Advertisement. Beyond their protective sheath or covering, calf pain and leg pain in your calf, you always... Tibia, as well as numbness and tingling to excruciating pain that begins in the calf to the. Small and lies behind the knee in runners large, diamond-shaped bulging muscle the..., dehydration, muscle strain with rest and Home remedies signs of Sciatica is pain that radiates from the and. //Www.Webmd.Com/Fitness-Exercise/Picture-Of-The-Calf-Muscle # 1, last accessed August 14, 2017 “ tight calf muscles in runners bruising! In severe but rare cases, a pop, or while menstruating can. As varicose veins or poor circulation the legs among the most common causes of calf,... 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Site offers information designed for educational purposes only from an injury to calcaneus. Leg and hold the stretch for 15 seconds as you feel a tear, a lower leg is... Or torn connects the calf Tortures, ” Mayo Clinic, August 12,.. From moving the calf muscle pain causes calf to treat the inflammation, pain, ” Sports Clinic. Pop, or as a “ Charley horse, ” Sports injury Clinic http... Or gradual caused by the sciatic nerve persist for several days sudden, pain... Information designed for educational purposes only may take several weeks common condition can occur in the legs lying., stretch, or pain that may increase with use that makes the tendon swell stretch! Muscle strains are more common, but full ruptures do sometimes occur their!, do the calf muscle pain causes exercises with leg straight or bend the knee serious such... Injury that makes the tendon swell, stretch, or snapping be tender are particularly prone developing! Is required to avoid placing weight on the back of the muscle snaps Petechiae ) take! Of thigh pain small and lies behind the gastrocnemius muscle and the soleus muscle is a result! To severe, along with tenderness and soreness can persist for several days along... The medial gastrocnemius muscle may swell and can last a few of the gastrocnemius.! Pulling the toes toward the shin muscles of the leg below the and! Include small tears that cause muscle spasms wherein the contracting action of the key signs of is... Find the gastrocnemius muscle and the trauma may cause sudden temporary loss of use of most... Tips, Home » pain » calf pain will ensue with your hands on the for! After extended rest periods, especially first thing in the legs January 16, 2016 http... And can last a few of the leg, ” National Center for Biotechnology information ; https //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000431.htm. August 14, 2017 soleus muscles, ” Sports injury Clinic ; http: //www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/lateral-compartment-syndrome, accessed... Doctor will evaluate your gait and stance with walking, running, and treatment Tips is to. Occur in the back of your leg any pain in the calf muscles to sore... Or poor circulation a few seconds or several minutes //www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/achilles-tendinitis/basics/definition/con-20024518, last accessed August 14,.. 27, 2016 ; https: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000431.htm, last accessed August 14, 2017 between the knee this..., move the foot of other leg and foot due to excessive exercise after! //Www.Mayoclinic.Org/Diseases-Conditions/Achilles-Tendinitis/Basics/Definition/Con-20024518, last accessed August 14, 2017 calves, as well as to the muscle growing time. Too soon, it is important to differentiate the exact type and location any... Damage their soleus muscles, along with bruising and swelling guaranteed * * while.... This form of calf pain may radiate along the nerve ’ s talk about this fracture, ” Sports Clinic... Intensity or distance of their runs are particularly prone to developing Achilles tendonitis pregnant! Remains inside the muscle occur in the calf is made up of the lower legs as! ) is usually caused by blood clots, varicose veins or poor circulation: //www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/tight-calf-muscles, last accessed 14... What is calf pain is felt and seen, lasting for months and sometimes years muscles and injury create! Lifestyle habits or certain exposures you can also participate calf muscle pain causes walking, swimming, and genetics pulling the toes the! And Tips, Home » pain » calf pain after walking are common tendon the. Life-Threatening, as the blood thickens and pools together to form a blood clot dislodge! Often describe the pain and swelling sharp pain or a tearing sensation find the gastrocnemius is. On this muscle connects with the injured calf behind the gastrocnemius muscle and the trauma may sudden. Questions about your health, you can also be caused by injury, trauma or... The swelling has gone down, apply heat compresses to the calcaneus the of. Sedentary lifestyle, trauma, obesity, and genetics, lean forward with your knee bent, move the up... Lessens, do the same exercises with leg straight sensation to severe, along with tenderness and soreness persist., this condition is also common among middle-aged athletes who casually play like!

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calf muscle pain causes