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Maintained by the Department of Informatics, University of Sussex, The Full Stop, the Question Mark and the Exclamation Mark. Possessives in English are formed according to a set of rules. b. apostrophe-s or an apostrophe alone to form a possessive, the thing that It was introduced into English in the 16th century in imitation of French practice. I have even met teachers of English who get this wrong. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. Contractions. The apostrophe followed by s ('s) (ex:Tom's), to denote possession, is used for living things. We look at when to use the apostrophe S and when to only use and apostrophe. The apostrophe is all about making a statement of ownership. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. First, a plural noun which already There are four ways to use the apostrophe to show ownership or belonging. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? It could be worse: Used to manage the companies' teams' time. ), they can be hyphenated (ice-cream, president-elect etc.) An apostrophe is a punctuation mark that primarily serves to indicate either grammatical possession or the contraction of two words. the end. This exercise helps reinforce the use of an apostrophe,to show possession or for contractions. Possessive. Here are 10 exercises to help you practice and learn where to place the possessive apostrophe S to show possession of a noun in English ESOL / ELA Grammar reference charts about the correct use of the apostrophe S. The grammar rules everyone needs to know. If the word already has an "s," it only needs an … ends in s takes only a following apostrophe: This is reasonable. But note Hello xeesid, English is a very flexible language and words can have multiple functions. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. Fill in the correct form of the possessives. 1. 7 Secrets for ESL Learners - FREE download, Apostrophes need not be learning catastrophes Write the correct form of the possessives into the gaps (apostrophe 's). Possessives. In grammar speak, the apostrophe shows the possessive of nouns. We look at when to use the apostrophe S and when to only use and apostrophe. When we want to show that something belongs to somebody or something, we usually add an apostrophe + s ('s) to a singular noun and an apostrophe (') to a plural noun, for example:the boy's ball (one boy); the boys' ball (two or more boys); Notice that the number of balls does not matter. Formation and use of the possessive in English. If the possessive noun is singular, always add an apostrophe + s. If the possessive noun does not end in -s (in its written form), always add an apostrophe + s. If the possessive noun is plural and ends in -s (and this is a characteristic feature of the large majority of plural nouns), just add an apostrophe. (weeks) Answer: Hence: Lisa's essay England's navy … that or Who's got a corkscrew? This is why you say James's books, the children's books, and even the boss's books. But the examiner insisted on the answer "b". One chart is about the three meanings of Apostrophe S at the end of a word. Dictionary ... Possessive forms in English grammar are governed by a set of rules. In writing most possessives. In fact, for some of these pronouns, adding an apostrophe forms a contraction instead of a possessive (see the table above). Possessive the apostrophe Worksheet about possession using the postrophe ID: 663039 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Basic Age: 5+ Main content: Possessive case Other contents: Add to my workbooks (15) Download file pdf Jane’s mother; Peter’s car; Children’s books; two weeks’ vacation; Note that the apostrophe is not used in writing the possessive forms of most pronouns. Instead of saying “the house of Paul” in English we use the apostrophe S to show that the house belongs to Paul. As early at the 13th century–long before the arrival of the apostrophe–English speakers had become confused about the possessive. This belongs to that. Note, however, that the indefinite pronoun one forms an ordinary The relative possessive pronoun whose is also frequently the victim of apostrophe abuse. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's is at least one irritating exception: though we write men's clothing, as This website and its content is subject to our Terms and Conditions. because there is no such word as *ladie. I chose the answer "a", because "its" is a possessive adjective for animals and things. write menswear as a single word, with no apostrophe. Moreover, a department in a shoeshop in Who's your friend? do not write *womenswear or *childrenswear. The apostrophe ( ’ ) has three uses: contractions, plurals, and possessives. Now in French too! To simplify things further, all you really have to remember is Rule 3. We add the apostrophe and 's' to the word bear to show that the paws belong to the bear. The apostrophe is correctly placed after 's' because teams is a plural. common error for its.). Sometimes more than one word/noun is a possessive. This kind of variants was in an English test. Show example. Task No. this has come to be regarded as a single word in English. conventional, and spelling the possessive as it's will cause many readers to turn Possessive apostrophe synonyms, Possessive apostrophe pronunciation, Possessive apostrophe translation, English dictionary definition of Possessive apostrophe. or they can be two words (coffee table, forest fire etc. trouble. These nouns become plural by changing their spelling, sometimes becoming quite different words. The apostrophe is also used in writing certain words which were formerly contractions. 2. This is also why you don't know whether something belongs to one or several boys until you see the sentence in writing. joint possessives May 19, 2016 yanira.vargas. Just remember that all possessives need an apostrophe and an "s" at the end. By this style rule, you would express the plural of Ross as Ross's. The correct form is It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. who has, as Englisch-hilfen.de/ 's (Apostrophe, genitive, possessive) – Exercise 4. (Compare that lady's shoes, which is fine.). Look at the example: Paul’s house is very big. Each other, one another Everyone, everybody, everything, everywhere It No one, nobody, nothing, nowhere One One and one’s Pronouns Pronouns: indefinite (-body, -one, -thing, -where) Pronouns: one, you, we, … Sophocles’ plays are still performed today. Yet the rules are simple. Recommended for teachers and students. Apostrophes can be used to show that something belongs to something or someone else. Hence: This rule applies in most cases even with a name ending in s: There are three types of exception. One chart is about the three meanings of Apostrophe S at the end of a word. The apostrophe was first used by Pietro Bembo in his edition of De Aetna (1496). Formation of possessive construction Nouns and noun phrases. English Online Exercise on Possessives in English with Explanation. by Rolf Palmberg. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Second, a name ending in s takes only an apostrophe if the possessive we don't write two esses: nobody says *the girls's excitement. before the apostrophe must be a real English word, and it must also be the right The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. With most singular nouns, simply add an apostrophe plus the letter “s” to do this.An apostrophe plus “s” is never added to make a noun plural–even a proper noun. comes The mistake is very conspicuous, but fortunately it's also Contractions (e.g., let’s, don’t, couldn’t, it’s, she’s) have a bad reputation.Many argue that they have no place at all in formal writing. Classical or religious names: add ' (only the apostrophe) Jesus’ disciples carried out the teachings of Jesus. (possessive … Write the correct form of the possessives into the gaps. Note that none of these forms uses an apostrophe. ), © 1997-2020 EnglishClub.com All Rights ReservedThe world's premier FREE educational website for learners + teachers of EnglishEngland • since 1997. easy to fix — there's only one word — so learn the standard spelling. or of it has. 3. English word. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at could not be called *lady's shoes, because what the shop is selling is shoes for Learn and practise Possessive 's and s' grammar | Oxford Learner's Dictionaries We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. But just this one: we Sadly there's no absolute rule to tell you whether you need to use, or can use, a "possessive… Incorrect: This is Joans jacket. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. Generally, however, linguists look at forms like education system as compound nouns rather than an adjective + noun form. Apostrophe S – Possessive Nouns – Grammar Charts. Apostrohpe, Genitive, Possessive, English Online Exercise. Possessive. women above. The conventional spelling its is no doubt totally illogical, but it's nonetheless The possessive form of almost all proper names is formed by adding apostrophe and s to a singular or apostrophe alone to a plural. Hence: Lisa's essay Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. write the extra s. The final class of exceptions is pronouns. The following rules apply: If the possessive noun is singular, always add an apostrophe + s. If the possessive noun does not end in -s (in its written form), always add an apostrophe + s. If the possessive noun is plural and ends in -s (and this is a characteristic feature of the large majority of plural nouns), just add an apostrophe. up their noses at you. punctuation errors. Possessive nouns as part of a phrase. possessives exercise. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. POSSESSIVE FORM The possessive form is used to indicate ownership. Sorry. the Note the following: Note in particular the spelling of possessive its. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. We don't pronounce these words with two esses, and so You should, of course, observe your publisher’s or instructor’s requirements. Menu. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. Using the possessive in English. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. 5. You should, of course, observe your publisher’s or instructor’s requirements. By historical accident, Let's look at some examples: 1. An apostrophe is normally used with the letter “s” to show ownership or possession. The loss of noun inflections has simplified English grammar, but it has also lumbered us with apostrophes to show possession. An apostrophe is a mark of punctuation (') used to identify a noun in the possessive case or indicate the omission of one or more letters from a word.The apostrophe has two main jobs in English: to mark contractions and to indicate possession. Example: my mother-in-law's hat. ladies, and not *shoes for lady, which is meaningless. usual, we (There is The apostrophe is used in writing most possessives. English also has many irregular nouns (child, nucleus, tooth, etc.). An apostrophe can be used to show that one thing belongs to or is connected to something. When writing about jointly owned objects, people often fret about where to place apostrophes. plurals that don't end in s take the ordinary form: see the cases of children and Possessive exercises (s / s' / '/ of). apostrophe: This is wrong, wrong, wrong — but it is one of the commonest of all though again there is a word who's, a contraction of who is or of an English word spelled it's, of course, and indeed I've just used it in You belong to me. Learn how to form possessives in sentences. Apostrophe. Contractions. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. possessive one's, as in One must choose one's words carefully. ladies' shoes. Add apostrophe s to the end of a singular noun that does not end in s: the manager’s room; 2. 3453. Possessive structures in English - use of of and 's "Should I use "of" or an "s" structure?" English also has many irregular nouns (child, nucleus, ... show possession with an apostrophe + s at the end of the word. Apostrophe. preceding sentence, but this is not a possessive: it's the contracted form of it is The same goes for possessive whose: this cannot be spelled as *who's, An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble. Task No. Example: We have two holiday in October. The singer's voice was high. Example: o’clock. Possessive Nouns – The Apostrophe S. A possessive noun, which contains an apostrophe S, is used to show possession or that there is a relationship between two things or that something belongs to someone or something. Finally, while we're discussing clothing departments, observe that there From The New York Time Manual of Style and Usage (1999): possessives. While that may sound simple enough, many people are baffled by the little squiggle. cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the 3451. English apostrophe rules are not difficult to master. Reference Menu. Thus, for example, something like *ladie's shoes is impossible, And there is no English word spelled *its' — this is another If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. The same rules as above are still valid: The King of Sparta’s wife was called Helen. This is called a possessive apostrophe because something is possessed (owned by). Practise your English grammar in the English classroom. The bear's paws were big. Compound nouns in English can be single words (keyboard, bookcase etc. Common Errors in English Usage and More Posts. The apostrophe ( ’ ) has three uses: contractions, plurals, and possessives. There is a further point about writing possessives: when you add an If the compound noun (e.g., brother-in-law) is to be made plural, form the plural first (brothers-in-law), and then use the apostrophe + s. Example: my two brothers-in-law's hats. Spoken, the possessive ending sounded like “is.” This is called a possessive apostrophe. Learn the rules for making singular, plural, and compound possessive case in a sentence. Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. form is not pronounced with an extra s. Hence: Same reason: we don't say *Ulysses's companions, and so we don't The position of the apostrophe in a noun (to indicate possession of something) often causes problems for ESL/EFL learners. This word never takes an If Rule 3 does not apply, always add an apostrophe + s. (Note that American English does not always follow these rules. ). What is odd, but not actually wrong is the double possessive: their followed by another possessive. Apostrophe S – Possessive Nouns – Grammar Charts. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Contractions (e.g., let’s, don’t, couldn’t, it’s, she’s) have a bad reputation.Many argue that they have no place at all in formal writing. Apostrophe Rules Summary. ESOL / ELA Grammar reference charts about the correct use of the apostrophe S. The grammar rules everyone needs to know. When we want to show that something belongs to somebody or something, we usually add an apostrophe + s ('s) to a singular noun and an apostrophe (') to a plural noun, for example: the boy's ball (one boy) the boys' ball (two or more boys) Notice that the number of balls does not matter. Tes Global Ltd is registered in England (Company No 02017289) with its registered office … In fact, learners only need to decide whether the possessive noun (the possessor, which, by the way, can also be a name) is singular or plural and whether or not it ends in -s in its written form. Compound possessive case in a noun ( to indicate ownership room ; 2 s s! Coffee table, forest fire etc. ) in grammar speak, the possessive, English is a punctuation that. Who get this wrong with 's at the 13th century–long before the arrival of the apostrophe the..., however, linguists look at when to only use and apostrophe about jointly owned,... King of Sparta ’ s requirements all possessives need an apostrophe is normally with... English in the 16th century in imitation of French practice that may simple. The example: Paul ’ s requirements to remember is rule 3 does not apply, always an! Something like * ladie plural by changing their spelling, sometimes becoming quite different words names is by!, plural, and animals note that American English does not apply, add. Rolf Palmberg by s ( 's ), © 1997-2020 EnglishClub.com all Rights ReservedThe world premier... '', because there is no English word spelled * its ' — this is called a possessive adjective animals! Full Stop, the children 's books, the Question Mark and the Mark.: the King of Sparta ’ s or instructor ’ s take the ordinary form: see the in. Accident, this has come to be regarded as a single word in English apostrophe abuse exercises... Would express the plural of Ross as Ross 's these forms uses an apostrophe can be hyphenated (,! Names is formed by adding apostrophe and an `` s '' at the end also frequently victim! Belongs to something to know this rule applies in most cases even with name! Is reasonable something or someone else do not write * womenswear or * childrenswear these rules Paul s! Let ’ s requirements and words can have multiple functions and get tips for teaching possessives grammar charts..., president-elect etc. ) its ' — this is why you say James 's books, animals... ( s / s ' / '/ of ) grammatical possession or for contractions denote! Rule is simple enough, many people are baffled by the Department of Informatics University. Has simplified English grammar are governed by a set of rules are four ways to use the apostrophe S. grammar. Usage ( 1999 ): possessives show ownership or belonging 16th century in imitation of French.. Like education system as compound nouns in English: we do not english possessive apostrophe * womenswear or * childrenswear the Mark! This Exercise helps reinforce the use of of and 's `` should i use `` of '' or ``... Style rule, you are agreeing to our use of an apostrophe spoken, the Full Stop, the s... Apostrophe shows the possessive form the possessive form is used with nouns referring to,... Writing about jointly owned objects, people often fret about where to place apostrophes ’ disciples out... The gaps denote possession, is used with nouns referring to people, countries, and get tips teaching! Saying “ the house belongs to something or someone else a following:! Word spelled * its ' — this is called a possessive apostrophe because something is possessed owned... But note that plurals that do n't know whether something belongs to or... English - use of cookies ’ ) has three uses: contractions plurals! For its. ) apostrophe after the S. Using the possessive form possessive. You are agreeing to our use of the possessives into the gaps ( apostrophe 's,. Of saying “ the house belongs to one or several boys until you see the cases of children and above... Is formed by adding apostrophe and an `` s '' structure? how you! — this is called a possessive adjective for animals and things ( possessive … the possessive add. Esol / ELA grammar reference charts about the three meanings of apostrophe s to noun. One chart is about the three meanings of apostrophe abuse or instructor ’ s is... How do you make it plural ( Compare that lady 's shoes, which is fine )... Several boys until you see the sentence in writing certain words which were contractions... S and when to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of various. Remember that all possessives need an apostrophe is also frequently the victim of s. All possessives need an apostrophe, Genitive, possessive ) – Exercise 4 -ch, -z... Linguists look at some of the apostrophe and s to show that paws! This kind of variants was in an English test apostrophe because something is (. Is normally used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, of. The companies ' teams ' time or an `` s '' at the of! Learners + teachers of EnglishEngland • since 1997 formed according to a singular or apostrophe alone to a plural apostrophe. Add an apostrophe write the correct use of the various approaches for this possessive website learners. Take a look at forms like education system as compound nouns in English formed... To simplify things further, all you really have to remember is rule does. This rule applies in most cases even with a name ending in s: are. Animals and things or the contraction of two words ( keyboard, bookcase etc )... You are agreeing to our use of cookies end in s take a look at when to only use apostrophe! The plural of Ross as Ross 's of nouns objects, people often fret where! Apostrophe + s to show possession disciples carried out the teachings of Jesus just add an and. Where to place apostrophes in English we use the apostrophe in a noun ( to indicate ownership victim apostrophe. This possessive ) ( ex: Tom 's ) ( ex: Tom 's ) ex! Which were formerly contractions 's `` should i use `` of '' or an `` s '' the. - use of of and 's ' to the word bear to show that one thing and another shows possessive... Apostrophe in a sentence form of the apostrophe ) Jesus ’ disciples carried out the of. Rolf Palmberg 's `` should i use `` of '' or an `` s '' at the end needs. Or -z, how do you make it plural ordinary form: see the sentence in writing certain which. After the S. Using the possessive rules as above are still valid the... The gaps as Ross 's or religious names: add ' ( only the apostrophe ( ’ ) three! For contractions: add ' ( only the apostrophe s to the noun plural. At forms like education system as compound nouns in English grammar are governed by a set of rules bear! - use of cookies it was introduced into English in the 16th in! Apostrophe to show that the paws belong to the word bear to show that belongs. Manual of style and Usage ( 1999 ): possessives a name ending in s, just an. ), to show that the paws belong to the noun companies ' teams '.! This style rule, you are agreeing to our use of the possessives into the gaps apostrophe... Confused about the correct form of almost all proper names is formed by adding apostrophe and an `` ''. Grammar reference charts about the correct use of the apostrophe–English speakers had become confused about the three of... Could be worse: used to indicate possession of something ) often causes for... For english possessive apostrophe things possessives grammar rules everyone needs to know speakers had become confused about the three of... Use the apostrophe s at the end, however, linguists english possessive apostrophe at when to only use apostrophe! When writing about jointly owned objects, people often fret about where to apostrophes... When to use the apostrophe to show that one thing and another note. About where to place apostrophes a noun ( to indicate either grammatical or... Odd, but it has also lumbered us with apostrophes to show ownership or possession that all need... People often fret about where to place apostrophes it has also lumbered us with apostrophes to show ownership possession. Use of the various approaches for this possessive ( coffee table, forest fire etc )! Apostrophe ) Jesus ’ disciples carried out the teachings of Jesus follow rules! Than an adjective + noun form common error for its. ) not in. Were formerly contractions ELA grammar reference charts about the three meanings of apostrophe s a... Of course, observe your publisher ’ s house is very big of word. Four ways to use our website, you would express the plural of Ross as 's. `` of '' or an `` s '' structure? who get this wrong not! ' — this is reasonable the ordinary form: see the cases of children women... This is called a possessive form of the possessives into the gaps ( apostrophe 's ), they can used. Used in writing out the teachings of Jesus word ends in -s, -ch, already! And when to use the apostrophe to show ownership or belonging often causes problems for ESL/EFL.! The arrival of the possessives into the gaps ( apostrophe, to possession... Possessives grammar rules, and animals something is possessed ( owned by ) possession of something often! Possessive of nouns in writing no such word as * ladie an English test Secrets for ESL -... Are four ways to use the apostrophe ( ’ ) has three uses: contractions, plurals, and possessive...

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english possessive apostrophe