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Alexandra Briscoe has a background in documentary programme-making. In 1558 the Protestant preacher John Knox wrote, 'It is more than a monster in nature that a woman should reign and bear empire over man.' Mary was born at Linlithgow Palace in Scotland in 1542, the daughter of James V of Scotland and the French Mary of Guise. Mary went to live at the French court and at the age of fifteen married Francis, heir to the French throne. The crown passed to the Protestant King James VI of Scotland who became King James I of England. The country now looked to the young Queen … A new era was dawning, the age of Elizabeth I. In February 1587 the warrant was finally signed and the execution took place before the Queen could change her mind. She landed on English soil ready to meet her fellow Queen. As the weeks passed, Elizabeth procrastinated. The storyteller is Queen Elizabeth II, and the subject of her tale is Queen Victoria. Elizabeth remained, however, fascinated by the Scottish Queen.  © Kenilworth Castle As time passed it became clear to Mary that her husband was, in fact, an arrogant bully with a drinking problem. She was the daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn. He wanted to impress the Queen... No matter that the entertainment at Kenilworth practically bankrupted him. To Elizabeth, Mary was a fellow Queen. It took years to prepare for. In March 1566 Darnley and his accomplices burst in on Mary at Holyroodhouse and stabbed Riccio to death. Certainly, her reign had seen England prosper and become a major player in Europe. Mary's trial began on 15 October 1586 at Fotheringhay. The mourning which followed her death was unprecedented. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. The Queen is to mark the 75th anniversary of Victory in Europe (V.E.) She also feared that Mary's relations in Europe would take revenge on England. The Queen cut a "lonely figure" as she marked the centenary of the tomb of the unknown warrior. But years of work and expense often ended in disappointment when she failed to visit. She decided to return as Queen to Scotland, agreeing to recognise the Protestant Church as long as she could privately worship as a Catholic. With Glenda Jackson, Ronald Hines, Robert Hardy, Stephen Murray. It had all happened too quickly. To execute any Queen was a precedent she did not wish to set, for her own sake. She did not wish to meet the woman she considered her rival, but knew that if she released Mary her own life would be in danger. Stream original BBC programmes FIRST on BBC iPlayer . In 1568 Elizabeth's cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots - a Catholic with a strong claim to the English throne - sought exile in England. He set out to nail Mary and, in 1586, his moment came. The welfare of the country was her priority, not marriage.  © They had known each other for years, and he was one of the first to be appointed to her Council. She had a close relationship with Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, and was not averse to using the promise of marriage for diplomatic purposes, but asserted her independence until the end of her life.  © Elizabeth was brought up in the care of governesses and tutors at Hatfield House and spent her days studying Greek and Latin with the Cambridge scholar, Roger Ascham. Whether or not the relationship was ever consummated remains open to speculation. David Dimbleby remarked on the "lonely" Queen as he presented the Remembrance Sunday service on the BBC. And was her success down to her own skill and judgement - or an intuitive grasp of public relations? Queen Elizabeth II Prince Andrew BBC Newsnight Royal Family. But just how close was she to Leicester? Elizabeth was a different kind of Queen: quick-witted, clever and able to use feminine wiles to get her own way. Britain's Queen Elizabeth II addressed the nation Sunday in a rare televised speech and called for unity amid the coronavirus pandemic. There was widespread corruption amongst ministers involving the abuse of monopolies and tax evasion. The sixteenth century was also a time when the poor became poorer, books and opinions were censored, and plots to overthrow the Queen were rife. Elizabeth’s first priority on becoming Queen was to return England to the Protestant faith. Partly aided by bad weather, the English Navy defeated the Spanish Armada, with the help of Sir Francis Drake. As predicted, Mary quickly became the focus of plots to overthrow Elizabeth and return England to the Catholic faith. When Elizabeth Tudor comes to the throne, her (male) advisers know she has to marry. Now pregnant with Darnley's child she turned for support to her secretary, David Riccio. For their part, the people were thrilled with their new Queen. https://bbc.in/2J18jYJ. The new Book of Common Prayer was introduced, adapted from earlier Books used under the Protestant Edward VI. In November 1558, after the death of Mary I, Elizabeth succeeded to the throne. Elizabeth, aged twenty-five, was now Queen of England. Last updated 2011-02-17. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. It was Leicester's finest hour. But by now the Scots had had enough of Mary and, imprisoned at Lochleven Castle, she was forced to abdicate the Scottish throne. Her death took a heavy toll on Elizabeth, one observer noting, 'I never knew her fetch a sigh, but when the Queen of Scots was beheaded.'. But when Elizabeth heard the bells pealing to celebrate the death of Mary Queen of Scots, she was horrified. The question of how to govern Ireland had created terrible problems for the Queen over the years but 1594 saw the start of the Nine Years War in which hundreds of English troops were killed. Her mother was the ill-fated Anne Boleyn who had caught the eye of Henry VIII at court. BBC, Queen Elizabeth II More from News. Yet she declared that she did not want to "make windows into men's souls" and was satisfied as long as her subjects gave an outward show of conformity. Read more. This was Elizabeth's duty and she should get on with it. This was clever talk from the Queen. The arts flourished in England during this period as Shakespeare, Spenser and Marlowe created poetry and drama while composers such as Byrd and Tallis worked in Elizabeth’s court. She knew the political implications of remaining unmarried but effectively banned further discussion. why so many soldiers survived the trenches. Overnight, old coins became artifacts, such as this Queen Elizabeth II penny—now more than half a century old. Problem solved. Elizabeth was clever to encourage this degree of devotion. Ignoring the pleas of her advisors Mary managed to escape from Lochleven and, disguised as a man, fled the country. She was nicknamed 'Gloriana' and the 'Virgin Queen' and overcame many challenges at home as well as threats from abroad. She was ahead of her time in her grasp of public relations, and her popularity had remained undimmed. Found guilty of treason, Mary was sentenced to death. Despite the discovery of conspiracies and plots centred on Mary, Elizabeth showed caution and was reluctant to act against her. She had married Darnley whose lineage could be traced back to Henry VII, creating an even stronger claim. According to Deadline, Queen Elizabeth recently took in a “private viewing” of The King’s Speech, the historical drama showcasing her late father, King George VI, and his struggles with a speech impediment.She apparently “enjoyed” it and screenwriter David Seidler was thoroughly “humbled” with the news. But their intimacy alarmed the other ministers. The Tudor queen was depicted with the snake clasped in her fingers in an original version of the work, but it was replaced with a bunch of roses. Britain abolished the old Roman monetary system in 1971, and minted new coins based on the decimal system. Mary's execution would be one of the factors contributing to the Spanish Armada the following year. Image: Queen Elizabeth I by George Gower (Getty Images). He wanted to impress the Queen and, in the summer of 1575, threw a party at Kenilworth Castle which no one could forget. When Elizabeth was just two years old her mother was beheaded at the Tower of London. Elizabeth, the last Tudor monarch, was born in Greenwich on 7 September 1533. The Tower of London Only when the patience of her ministers was running short would she be forced to make up her mind. The following year Philip II of Spain launched a great fleet of ships, known as the Spanish Armada, to try and overthrow Elizabeth and restore Catholicism. When Elizabeth was just two years old, her mother was beheaded for adultery on the orders of her father and she was exiled from court. In 1568 Elizabeth's cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots - a Catholic with a strong claim to the English throne - sought exile in England. In 1548 the French King, Henry II, proposed that the young Mary would be an ideal wife for his son, Francis, the marriage forming a perfect alliance between the two countries at a time when England was attempting to exert control over Scotland. But the two Queens never met. But her reluctance to marry was to become one of her biggest headaches. Elizabeth I is considered one of the country's most successful and popular monarchs. More than 14 million viewers watched the Queen's message on BBC One, with about five million viewing it on ITV. Mary was immediately taken to stay at Carlisle Castle by one of Elizabeth's ministers but as days turned into weeks, she became suspicious. On the contrary she thrived on the adoration of her ministers and knew that flirtation was often the easiest way to get things done. Henry, beside himself with disappointment, did not attend the christening. There's even a candid conversation shown between the Queen and then-U.S. President Richard Nixon. The Ridolfi Plot of 1571 went further by enlisting Spanish support to depose Elizabeth and place Mary on the throne. Elizabeth remained, however, fascinated by the Scottish Queen. Marriage was a political necessity and a way of forming a useful alliance with a European power. As soon as her Council had been appointed, Elizabeth made religion her priority. That is not to say that Elizabeth didn't enjoy the company of men. Elizabeth chose an able set of administrators to aid her during her rule, including William Cecil, Lord Burghley as her Secretary of State and Sir Francis Walsingham, in charge of intelligence. Some see Elizabeth’s 45 year reign as a golden age of English history. Brendan was warned by the BBC … As the UK’s longest reigning monarch, Queen Elizabeth II has seen Britain change dramatically over the years. She insisted that she was ‘married’ to her country. She relied upon the ministers close to her but would infuriate them with her indecision - 'It maketh me weary of life,' remarked one. Her young son was crowned James VI on 29 July 1567. Similarly Mary would ask after Elizabeth. Read more. Doesn't she? The country now looked to the young Queen for salvation. Everyone, from court astrologers to Henry himself, was convinced Anne would give birth to a boy. With Francis Walsingham’s help, Elizabeth imprisoned Mary and kept her under constant surveillance for 19 years. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Elizabeth, aged twenty-five, was now Queen of England. She was well aware that plots were being hatched against her and that she needed the undivided loyalty of those around her as protection. Her health deteriorated and, when death came on 24 March 1603, it was: 'mildly like a lamb, easily like a ripe apple from the tree'. Many Catholic plots centred on putting Mary on the English throne. Elizabeth could be as ruthless and calculating as any king before her but at the same time she was vain, sentimental and easily swayed by flattery. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Henry, beside himself with disappointment, did not attend the christening. The celebrations for the Coronation, two months later, were spectacular. But Elizabeth was careful not to erase all traces of Catholic worship and retained, for example, the traditions of candlesticks, crucifixes and clerical robes. ...the Scots had had enough of Mary and, imprisoned at Lochleven Castle, she was forced to abdicate... From this point on, events spiralled out of control. Many Catholic plots centred on putting Mary on the English throne. So what influences had shaped the young Elizabeth? Looking remarkably like Queen Anne, Britannia wears a helmet, holds a trident, and rests her hand on a A mysterious image of a coiled snake has appeared in a 16th century painting of Queen Elizabeth I, the National Portrait Gallery has said. Lords of the Council - numbering 150 - representatives from the Commonwealth, officials from the City of London - including the Lord Mayor - and other dignitaries witnessed the accession of the deceased king's eldest daughter this morning. He was soon bewitched by her, arranging to divorce Catherine of Aragon and quickly making Anne his second wife. ...as long as Mary Queen of Scots was alive, Elizabeth's life would be in danger. But problems remained. However, in 1586 Walsingham uncovered the Babington plot which implicated Mary directly in a conspiracy to overthrow Elizabeth. The monarch said she was reminded of her first radio broadcast, in 1940, when she and her sister Princess Margaret spoke to child evacuees In … If only she could meet her, she thought, Elizabeth would rally to her cause. Elizabeth's greatest achievement lay in the relationship she had forged with her people. By pursuing a policy of moderation she was attempting to maintain the status quo and, although Puritans were particularly upset by the continuance of some Catholic traditions, an uneasy compromise was reached and maintained throughout her reign. Protestantism was now firmly established as the country's religion. As the weeks passed, Elizabeth procrastinated. Elizabeth remains a threat in her childless Catholic sister's eyes. The people had lived through the unpopular reign of Mary I, known as 'Bloody Mary' for her merciless persecution of Protestants. Â. In later years Catherine Parr, Henry's sixth wife, took a keen interest in the young Elizabeth and made sure that she was educated to the highest standards. Another 2.5 million watched the … It was a time of extravagance and luxury in which a flourishing popular culture was expressed through writers such as Shakespeare, and explorers like Drake and Raleigh sought to expand England's territory overseas. Both her brother and sister died without having children so Elizabeth became Queen. She wept for days. As Elizabeth walked along the carpet laid out for her journey to Westminster Abbey, the crowds rushed forward to cut out pieces as souvenirs. She didn't expect to be Queen. Elizabeth was briefly imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1554 following a failed rebellion, of which she claimed no knowledge. Elizabeth sent out the impetuous Earl of Essex who only managed to create further difficulties. This sense of well-being was embodied by Queen Elizabeth who liked to wear sumptuous costumes and jewellery, and be entertained in style at her court. In 1569 the Northern Uprising failed when the Catholic Earls, marching southwards, discovered that Mary had quickly been moved from Tutbury to Coventry and their plans to rescue her were thwarted. Leicester, to whom she had remained close, died in 1588 and Elizabeth kept his last letter beside her bed until her own death. Clever, enigmatic and flirtatious, she rewrote the rules of being Queen. Queen Elizabeth. She liked to surround herself with attractive people and her portraits were carefully vetted to make sure that no physical flaws were ever revealed. The country now looked to the young Queen for salvation. The wedding was attended by the Queen, the Princess’s grandfather Prince Philip, her father Prince Andrew, and mother Sarah, Duchess of York, Buckingham Palace confirmed to the BBC.. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. But neither proposal led to marriage. Having already shown herself to be a poor judge of character, Mary now made the huge mistake of misjudging Elizabeth. Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.. Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth).Her father ascended the throne on the abdication of his brother King Edward VIII in 1936, from which time she was the heir presumptive. The main part of Hatfield House, built after the reign of Elizabeth I Her ministers knew and Elizabeth certainly knew. 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bbc queen elizabeth