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What are the differences between Western Culture and Eastern Culture? To use logic/reason is to draw conclusions that make sense based on a given body of information. - evaluate possible future developments in our globalized world. For centuries, the Chinese viewed the child as a miniature adult who should behave according to the expectations of the adult world. Moral education enjoys a special status in Japanese schools, for example, and permeates the daily activities of Japanese elementary and junior high school students. Similarities and differences in society. Creativity The West often promotes the idea of individuality, personality and standing on ones own, which cultivates a … Philosophy refers to the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and the existence. Eastern culture bel… It has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo-Christianity, whereas Eastern philosophy is derived from Islam, … Susie Zappia teaches humanities and research and writing courses online for several colleges. Eastern systems often instill moral value in education. As a graduate student, psychologist Jim Stigler went to East Asia to research teaching methods and learn more about the differences between Eastern and Western learning styles. Thesis Research: Moral Education in Japan; Implications for American Schools, Struggle for Smarts? • Eastern culture is based on the main schools of Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism, Islam, Taoism, and Zen whereas the Western culture is based mostly on Christianity, scientific, logical, and rational schools. ENGLISH COACHING AND INTERCULTURAL TRAINING MADE PERSONAL, Written and Conversational English Lessons. Another crucial area of comparison for eastern and western philosophy is innate morality. Another interesting contrast involves the role of intellectual struggle. The distinction between Western and Eastern is of course somewhat arbitrary and artificial, and in some respects even misleading. Differences are also clearly seen in the Eastern and Western ways in dealing with education. East and West may have myriad differences based on culture and education. Differences Between the Two Another interrelated difference between Eastern and Western education is how learning itself is seen as a mean to an end. What are other noticeable differences between Eastern and Western learning styles? Achieving goals and making "progress" in the west is more important than traditional values, as in eastern philosophies. After 20 years of teaching in Australian schools, I taught in China for two years, and then also taught Chinese students in British Universities. In the West, it is a sign of weakness or lower ability. How do learning styles impact English lessons? Western religions are found in the Americas and throughout Europe. Generally, Western philosophy of education comprises two schools, which are traditional and modern. The terms logic and reason are, in everyday usage, synonymous. Eastern and Western philosophy by Bart Nooteboom 128. This was a perspective that persisted until the early 20th century, when the Western progressive influence appeared, as led by American reformer John Dewey. Both similarities and differences between Eastern and Western culture have been discussed. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. The main differences between the school of thought or the philosophies of the East and West are the West’s Individualism and the East’s Collectivism. (Thus, terms like "logical analysis" and "rational inquiry" are also synonymous.) The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of Western philosophy is often drawn to the different individual parts of a whole idea (Politics, Race Relations, Religion, etc), but in the east, emphasis is placed on the whole itself. How Do Single Sex Schools Boost Self-Esteem. Confucius said, "Education breeds confidence. Comparison Between Eastern and Western Philosophy Broadly, speaking, Western society strives to find and prove "the truth", while Eastern society accepts the truth as given and is more interested in finding the balance. But although this is a valuable objective, and one which is, in fact, pursued in most classical programs, those educators who champion nontraditional educational approaches … Theme of the Short Story 'A Brief Moment in the Life of Angus Bethune', Four Examples of Irony in the Selection "The Ransom of Red Chief", The Relationship Between Pragmatism & Progressivism in Education, Typical Causes of Poor Behavior in the Classroom. So education shapes and moulds the overall behavior of human being and nurture the potentialities. In order to make sure that the coursework is on the track, the students is needed to collect the data from both western and eastern philosophy of education that been learned during the lecture in class. Aside from this story, researchers have also found stark differences between the Eastern and Western learning styles. In the East, struggle is seen as part of the learning process. Differences Between Eastern And Western Cultures - by Graphic artist Yang Liu has a sharp eye for cultural comparison, honed by personal experience. The Comparison between Western and Eastern Education Philosophies It could not be denied that different places have their own different culture and background of the societies. 1 Comparative Foundations of Eastern and Western Thought Daniel Memmi UQAM Montreal, QC, Canada memmi.daniel@uqam.ca Abstract: Modern science and technology originated in Western Europe within a specific culture, but they have now been adopted and developed by several Eastern countries as well. While observing a math class in Japan, he was struck by how struggling students were perceived as successful learners. The Buddhist notion of self circumvents reification, being an impermanent gestalt formed by the interaction of five skandha s or aggregates (form, feelings, perceptions, impulses, consciousness). The idea of a distinct “Eastern” philosophy as opposed to a distinct “Western” philosophy is, disputably, a vast over simplification and inaccurate rendering of an extremely complex relationship between the two. Eastern Students. Moral education enjoys a special status in Japanese … Western philosophy is generally divided into three periods, Greek, Christian and modern. Eastern education, on the other hand, discourages the pursuit of learning that has no strictly practical purpose, In 2012 National Public Radio's Alix Spiegel wrote an excellent article about how differently Western and East Asian cultures approach the learning process. In another article there is a very well balanced examination of the differences between the East and West classroom which will give a little more insight into the subject. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. Struggling students were seen as failures. The eastern and western philosophies are identical to a large extent and the critics only point out the small differences in the specific philosophy and wording. Aspect 1: Where Thinking Happens — Internally or Externally And this has consequences for society, the workplace, family, even relationships. In this program, certified transcultural nurse Philip Yu Xu, Ph.D., RN, addresses major differences between Eastern and Western nursing so that RNs from China, Korea, India, the Philippines, and elsewhere can better acclimate themselves to the practice of medicine in American acute care settings. Learning English doesn’t happen overnight. Nisbett points out that Western philosophers emphasised freedom and independence, whereas Eastern traditions like Taoism tended to focus on … In Western society, the individual rules. For example, in the … Differences between the philosophies of the east and westWestern philosophy has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­Christianity while Eastern philosophy is derived from Confucianism, Taoism … Although there is no precise definition or translation for the term "kiasu," it references competition or being afraid to lose out to others. The differences between Eastern and Western thought can be clearly seen in modern society, despite globalization and unifying influences. The emphasis is on "kimochi" or "kokoro," which translate to feeling or heart, and daily activities are structured to not only teach academic subjects, but to develop a student's sense of right and wrong. Education in the West, by contrast, has always been rooted in the Classical Greek view advanced by Socrates in Plato's "Republic" -- the student-centered view that it is important to examine our own lives and develop our critical thinking skills. True success means not giving up and working hard. Eppert and Wang (2008) noted in their book, Cross Cultural Studies in Curriculum: Eastern Thought, Educational Insights, a deep connection and inter-relationship between the East and the West. And this has consequences for society, the … The view that A=A should also include P as potential. The differences listed below are heavily stereotyped, generalized, and polarized. Western philosophy is focused on the current actual state of object A. The term is currently popular in Singapore, and parents there frequently are labeled kiasu parents when they push hard to make certain that their children are at the top of every class. It is often suggested that contrasting Eastern vs. Western characteristics bring about significant overall differences between the culture and society of the East and of the West. 1. It is not uncommon to hear the objection that, for example, the classical education movement has a single-minded emphasis on Western culture, and that students should be familiarized with Eastern culture as well. Struggle For Smarts? They try to explain things. Eastern world refers to countries in the Asia and Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zeeland. Western philosophy can be divided into Ancient Greek philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy and contemporary philosophy, while Eastern philosophy includes Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy etc. 2. I remember when I was in school the teachers would put an emphasis on how you are either gifted or not. Western education encourages people to pursue their true interests, producing a broad range of skills and areas of expertise. Confidence breeds hope. Is it a sign of lower ability or an indication of a student’s determination? Both are different types of religion that have different customs which are followed in different parts of the world. Interest in comparative philosophy is rapidly growing. Struggling with a math concept in class, for example, is simply an opportunity and not a sign of a possible learning disability or deficit. It is clear enough from the searching for information that had been done, there are much differences between the two education systems; eastern and western education. Rugged Individualism. Eastern culture has a circular view of the universe that is based upon the perception of eternal recurrence whereas Western culture has a linear view of the universe that is based on the Christian philosophy that everything has a beginning and an end. Her research interests include counterculture literature of the 1960 and instructional design for online courses and she enjoys writing about literature, art and instructional design. Do they doubt themselves when they do not immediately remember a new expression or master a grammatical concept; or do they just go with the flow and embrace the process? How Eastern and Western Cultures Tackle Learning, In Hypercompetitive South Korea, Pressures Mount on Young Pupils, Western and Eastern Philosophy in Teaching, Major Differences Between Eastern and Western Philosophies As the Basis for Adult Education - The Singapore Experience, The Pros & Cons of Single Sex Classes in School. Eastern world is comprised of nations in Asia including the Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand. Major Differencies Between Eastern and Western Philosophies as the Basis for Adult Education. Philosophy and education can be viewed as two disciplines between which certain differences can be identified. History of Western Philosophy Introduction Logic/Reason. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. There are many styles of massage therapy. Reading, language skills, math and geography, for example, are taught separately and at specific times, with no ethical or moral components. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. However, since east and west refers to various countries and cultures scattered across the globe, only … Eastern religions are practiced in India, Southeast Asia, Japan, and China. Western society is highly competitive. The secularism and neutrality of Western thought is a reaction to such … This, in turn, had an impact on how students behaved. This means that students in Asian classrooms will speak less because they tend to fear voicing views that the teacher or fellow students will find unacceptable. The popular writer Sankara Saranam, author of the book God Without Religion , is one example of this when he claims that eastern philosophy is concerned with general knowledge while western philosophy aims at specific knowledge. Thus is it safe to say that Eastern philosophy is classical Chinese, while Western philosophy is more Latin in its roots. Education refers to the process of acculturating individuals into the society. Struggling students were seen as failures. 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. Hope breeds peace." Westerners put more stock in individual rights; Easterners in social responsibly. They adopt each other’s merits like the education system, lifestyle and travelling or vacation. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. ...EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. Both have their advantages and disadvantages. Initially, the primary objective in the comparative study was to open a philosophical dialogue between East and West. Philosophy vs Education Philosophy and education can be viewed as two disciplines between which certain differences can be identified. However, since east and west refers to various countries and cultures scattered across the globe, only a broad generalization can be m… Major Differencies Between Eastern and Western Philosophies as the Basis for Adult Education. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of In between the first two is a period called Hellenistic, during which the Jew thought, was blended with the Greek. Western philosophy has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­Christianity while Eastern philosophy is derived from Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. How Eastern and Western Cultures Tackle Learning describes the experience of Asian students compared with their U.S. counterparts as observed by psychologists specialized in learning. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Asian societies have generally been more focused on the needs of the group or the "collective" than Western ones, which means that conformity is important in Asian life. Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. The study of the Eastern and Western ways of thinking provides us with a new way of understanding the differences between the two cultures and their influence. When American graduate student Jim Stigler visited Japan in 1979, he noticed a striking difference in the way that Asian teachers and parents framed difficulty. Both have their advantages and disadvantages. Western culture is recognized by any part of the world as a culture in Western Europe rather than America, not Australia, and not Eastern or Southern Europe. Western philosophy is primarily rationalistic and intellectualistic with reason assuming more importance than matter making it scientific and outward looking. Connection between East and West. There is a lot to learn from both cultures. Philosophy refers to the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and the existence.Education refers to the process of acculturating individuals into the society.This highlights that the focus of education and philosophy is not identical. In contrast, someone from a Western individualistic society such as the U.S., Canada or Australia, will generally be more likely to risk criticism or rejection when the goal is important enough. The answer to these questions is extremely important when it comes to how my clients experience language learning. Major Difference Between Western & Eastern Thought on Education Conformity vs. In other words, is the "struggle for smarts" only valued when it comes easy to a student; or is it perceived as a strength when a student persists despite lots of learning obstacles? The key question for me as an English coach working with clients from all over the world is whether my students come from a culture where struggle is seen in a positive or negative light. Though each line is concerned with finding the right path to follow, the methodology and teachings of the philosophers from either line of thinking has been distinct and different. Both have their advantages and disadvantages. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. - discuss their importance for technological development. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. In the East, struggle is seen as part of the learning process. A comparison of culture and philosophy between Eastern and Western societies. Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. One of the biggest points of contrast between the two approaches is how students see their role in their own learning. The Individual. Philosophy is not one branch of knowledge, it is actually four: 1 – Geometry and mathematics. 1037 Words5 Pages. "It's a sign of low ability - people who are smart don't struggle, they just naturally get it, that's our folk theory.".

  • Western philosophy of education comprises two schools, which are traditional and modern.It has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­-Christianity
    • Eastern philosophy is derived from Islam, Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. There are few similarities between Eastern religion and Western religion. In the West, with perhaps the exception of parochial and religious schools, the curriculum is almost invariably subject-specific. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. Eastern view adds to that the observation that A has future potentials. It should be clear from the preceding discussion that there are some definite differences between the two education systems. The most fundamental difference between Western philosophy and Eastern philosophies is that Western philosophies are largely reductionistic. What Are the Effects of High School Students Not Finishing High School? Eastern and western world are extremely complex and differentiated both politically and historically. Tbh the idea of "Western" philosophy is a bit simplistic, considering that there are large cultural gaps between many different types of philosophy, and different eras of philosophy. The commitment to the learning process and diligence in seeking knowledge are two characteristics that separate Eastern and Western learning philosophies. The rigid definition of A=A is a static and inflexible. I remember when I was in school the teachers would put an emphasis on how you are either gifted or not. True success means not giving up and working hard. Philosophy is not one branch of knowledge, it is actually four: 1 – Geometry and mathematics. For hundreds of years, Eastern culture has been influenced by Western culture and vice versa. It's also important to avoid criticism, ridicule and rejection and to win approval and acceptance. There are stark differences between the two educational approaches. Eastern world refers to countries in the Asia and Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zeeland. 2. Since time immemorial, education is estimated as the right road to progress and prosperity. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. The Individual. It not only requires persistence but also the overcoming of emotional barriers that come with language learning. Eastern and Western philosophy published 12-1-2014 Here I start a series on differences and similarities between Eastern and Western philosophy, and my position in that. Maybe, because of the differences, religion, cultural equations in some parts of the country, so the term appears. Parents in South Korea seek out "cram schools" for their children, with the average South Korean family spending over ten percent of its income on such after-hour schools. This essay will cover two of the most common groups of massage modalities, Western and Eastern, and explain the overall benefits of massage, the similarities and differences of Western and Eastern massage techniques, and Western and Eastern philosophy of healing behind each one. The Buddhist notion of self circumvents reification, being an impermanent gestalt formed by the interaction of five skandha s or aggregates (form, feelings, perceptions, impulses, consciousness). But as the development, there are boundaries that restrict western and eastern cultures. As Greek and Latin are to Western civilisation, so classical Chinese is to East Asian civilisation. For exaxmple i have learnt that This highlights that the focus of education and philosophy is not identical. It seems that the thrust of western philosophy is around success. This relatively new area of philosophy was born out of the conviction of some Western philosophers that there are non-Western traditions of philosophy worthy of study. It should be clear from the preceding discussion that there are some definite differences between the two education systems. They try to start with basic building blocks and build up to an answer or an explanation of a more complex thought. Even though we can find many fundamental differences between all things Western and all things Eastern, "essentializing" Eastern philosophy, and therefore the "Eastern" people, as if they were one big block with a similar intellectual foundation, seems to me to be a remnant of Orientalism and doesn't correspond to reality. Learning is perceived as a life-long process in the Eastern tradition, rather than something you are finished with at some point in your life. In Western society, the individual rules. An example of this is conflict and harmony, Western philosophy was built on the idea of difference and separation so they will not try and settle for common ground. For example, Indian and Chinese philosophies are at least as distinct from each other as they are from Western Philosophy.

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