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when to cut back mums

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Do not cut back marginally hardy perennials such as garden mums (Chrysanthemum spp.). The best time to deadhead or prune mums you are growing outside is during the late spring up to mid summer. You are correct in your terminology. Identify the time when to cut. Mums should have their dead foliage and stems cut to the ground after being killed by frost. Mums need shorter days, with nine or 10 hours of darkness to flower. In the fall of the second year and beyond, leave the mums foliage in tact through the winter. Pruning is also suggested during this time but it serves a different purpose. In the spring, cut back the foliage, and repeat with summer cut back care. It’s also easier to remember where late-rising perennials are located in the spring when the stems are standing and thus avoid accidentally digging in that spot. Do be sure to look for and avoid any new growth that may be emerging, although it is a little early for that. The procedure is called 'cutting back'. When the foliage succumbs to frost, cut the plant back to the ground. In late fall, after your mums have bloomed, do not cut back their dried foliage. Mulch the base of the plant with a thick two to three-inch covering of straw or leaves. As perennials, mums are genetically programmed to lose their top growth to the frost, go to sleep for the winter, and wake up with the warm temperatures of the spring. After fall, let the blooms wither and die. Associated Press: Pinch Chrysanthemums Back to Get the Best Blooms The Christian Science Monitor: The Art of Molding Chrysanthemums Royal Horticultural Society: Chrysanthemums University of California, Under the Solano Sun: Mums the Word Purdue Extension: Cut Back Perennials Now or Later? Cut all of the plant's stems back to 6 to 8 inches above ground level either shortly after the mum has finished blooming or in late winter just as new growth emerges. Cutting back mums during spring to summer, on the other hand, makes the flowers bloom fuller. Deadhead mums in late spring to mid summer. If time gets away from you and you don’t start pinching back your mums in the spring, don’t worry. Give your newly de-budded mums a little extra water for a week or so, and then continue with your normal watering schedule. Don’t put it in the compost pile. Flowers of Dark. Early-blooming mums can be cut back or allowed to flower. This hellebore is considered an evergreen and should not be cut back in the fall. This will help insulate the roots from extreme cold. Even if they have already started setting flower buds you can still cut them back as late as July and still have blooms in the early fall. As with the vegetable garden, any diseased or bug infested plant material needs to go—far away. However, you can help the process. 1. However, no harm is done. They can be cut back, now. Perennials to cut Clean Up Garden Debris. 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when to cut back mums